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This section contains sources related to the foreign reaction to Nazi Germany and the Holocaust, as well as the Nuremberg War Crime Trials that followed the surrender of Nazi Germany in World War II.
Foreign Perspectives on Nazism and the Holocaust
Belth, Nathan C. Fighting for America, an Account of Jewish Men in the Armed Forces, from Pearl Harbor to the Italian Campaign. New York, 1944.
Carlson, John Roy. Under Cover; My Four Years in the Nazi Underworld of America–the Amazing Revelation of How Axis Agents and Our Enemies Within Are Now Plotting to Destroy the United States. New York: E. P. Dutton & co., inc., 1943.
Dodd, Martha. Through Embassy Eyes. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1940.
Exchange of Communications Between the President of the United States and the Chancellor of the German Reich, April 1939. New York: German library of information, 1940.
For You the War Is Over: American Prisoners of War in Nazi Germany by Foy, David A.
Publication Date: 1984-01-01
François-Poncet, André. The Fateful Years; Memoirs of a French Ambassador in Berlin, 1931-1938. Translated from French by Jacques LeClercq. New York: H. Fertig, 1973.
A Noble Combat: the Letters of Sheila Grant Duff and Adam von Trott zu Solz, 1932-1939 by Klemperer, Klemens Von (Editor)
Publication Date: 1988-05-19
The letters of Shiela Grant Duff and Adam von Trott zu Solz tell of a friendship - tender, strained, and in the end tragic - between a young Englishwoman who became a distinguished foreign correspondent in the mid-1930s, and a German Rhodes Scholar who eventually joined the resistance against Hitler and was executed by the Nazis. The correspondence spans the years when Sheila and Adam's friendship first blossomed, amid hopes for a new Europe and a world order of social justice and self-rule. The story continues to the eve of war, when their relationship finally floundered under the strain of their own temperaments and the mounting crisis in Europe.
The Stones Cry Out: Sweden's Response to the Persecution of the Jews, 1933-1945 by Koblik, Steven
Publication Date: 1987-01-01
Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression ... Office of United States Chief of Counsel for Prosecution of Axis Criminality. Washington: U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1946.
Santoro, Cesare. Hitler Germany as Seen by a Foreigner, with Thirteen Diagrams and a Supplement: “The New Germany in Pictures.” Translated from the Third German Edition. 2 edition. Berlin: Internationaler Verlag, 1939.
Nazi-Soviet Relations, 1939-1941: Documents from the Archives of the German Foreign Office by Sontag, Raymond James (Editor); James Stuart Beddie (Editor)
Publication Date: 2003-06-01
In 1945 the American and British armies captured the archives of the German Foreign Office which had been evacuated from Berlin. This collection of the most significant documents bearing on German-Soviet relations during 1939-1941 was originally published by the U. S. Department of State in 1948.
Prisoners of Nazis: Accounts by American POWs in World War II by Spiller, Harry (Editor)
Publication Date: 1997-12-01
In this work, 19 POWs provide a vivid and often poignant look at their treatment by the Germans. The soldiers range from those captured in the D-Day invasion to B-17 crew members shot down during bombing raids.
Against the Third Reich: Paul Tillich's Wartime Addresses to Nazi Germany by Tillich, Paul Johannes
Publication Date: 1998-05-01
Paul Tillich, one of the greatest Protestant theologians of modern times, wrote more than one hundred radio addresses that were braodcast into Nazi Germany from March 1942 through May 1944. The broadcasts were passionate and political–urging Germans to recognize the horror of Hitler and to reject a morally and spiritually bankrupt government. Laregly unknown in the United States, the broadcasts have been translated into English for the first time, and approximately half of them are presented in this book.
Reaching for the Stars by Waln, Nora
Publication Date: 2010-09-01
Nuremberg War Crime Trials
Benton, Wilbourn E., and Georg Grimm. Nuremberg: German Views of the War Trials. Dallas: Southern Methodist University Press, 1955.
Eyewitnesses at Nuremberg by Gaskin, Hilary
Publication Date: 1991-05-01
Nuremberg Diary by Gilbert, G.M.
Publication Date: 1995-08-22
In August 1945 Great Britain, France, the USSR, and the United States established a tribunal at Nuremberg to try military and civilian leaders of the Nazi regime. G. M. Gilbert, the prison psychologist, had an unrivaled firsthand opportunity to watch and question the Nazi war criminals. With scientific dispassion he encouraged Göering, Speer, Hess, Ribbentrop, Frank, Jodl, Keitel, Streicher, and the others to reveal their innermost thoughts. In the process Gilbert exposed what motivated them to create the distorted Aryan utopia and the nightmarish worlds of Auschwitz, Dachau, and Buchenwald. Here are their day-to-day reactions to the trial proceedings; their off-the-record opinions of Hitler, the Third Reich, and each other; their views on slave labor, death camps, and the Jews; their testimony, feuds, and desperate maneuverings to dissociate themselves from the Third Reich's defeat and Nazi guilt.
Glueck, Sheldon. The Nuremberg Trial and Aggressive War. New York: A. A. Knopf, 1946.
Tyranny on Trial: the Evidence at Nuremberg by Harris, Whitney R.; Robert H. Jackson (Introduction by); Robert G. Storey (Foreword by)
Publication Date: 1999-09-01
Condensing an avalanche of documents and trial transcripts which reveal the horrific record of Hitler's twelve-year dictatorship, this book distills the evidence presented to the 1945-46 Nuremberg tribunal when former Nazi leaders were indicted and tried as war criminals.
After Fifteen Years by Jaworski, Leon
Publication Date: 1961-01-01
Kelley, Douglas M. 22 Cells in Nuremberg; a Psychiatrist Examines the Nazi Criminals. New York: Greenberg, 1947.
The Nuremberg War Crimes Trial, 1945-46: a Documentary History by Marrus, Michael R.
Publication Date: 1997-01-15
Between November 1945 and October 1946, 22 high-ranking Nazi officials defended themselves before the International Military Tribunal. Reproducing significant sections of the trial record, this volume also outlines the background to the trial, traces the preparations made by the principle actors in the courtroom, and considers how the prosecution, defense, and tribunal dealt with the counts against the accused.
Punishing the Perpetrators of the Holocaust: the Brandt, Pohl, and Ohlendorf Cases by Mendelsohn, John (Introduction by); Donald S. Detwiler
Publication Date: 2009-12-01
In the Brandt or "medical case" a number of medical doctors and other SS officers were tried for conducting various experiments on concentration camp inmates, and for the killing of Jews to obtain skeletons for a collection at the University of Strassburg. In the Pohl or "concentration camp case" a group of SS officers was convicted for managing the concentration camps, and for profiteering from inmate labor in SS enterprises. In the Ohlendorf case, a number of commanders and members of Einsatzgruppen stood trial for killing an estimated one million men, women and children in the Soviet Union, mainly Jews. Contains 9 documents of source materials, carefully chosen from the thousands preserved at the U.S. National Archives.
Neave, Airey. Nuremberg : a Personal Record of the Trial of the Major Nazi War Criminals in 1945-6. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1978.
The American Road to Nuremburg: the Documentary Record, 1944-1945 by Smith, Bradley F.
Publication Date: 1982-01-01
Witnesses to Nuremberg: an Oral History of American Participants at the War Crimes Trials by Stave, Bruce M. and Michele Palmer with Leslie Frank
Publication Date: 1998-11-13
This series presents major events in American history through the rich personal testimonies of those who were there.
The Anatomy of the Nuremberg Trials: a Personal Memoir by Taylor, Telford
Publication Date: 2013-05-01
This is the definitive history of the Nuremberg crimes trials by one of the key participants, Telford Taylor, the distinguished lawyer who was a member of the American prosecution staff and eventually became chief counsel. In vivid detail, Taylor portrays the unfolding events as he "saw, heard, and otherwise sensed them at the time, and not as a detached historian working from the documents might picture them."
Trial of the Major War Criminals Before the International Military Tribunal, Vol. I : Nuremburg 14 November 1945-1 October 1946. Project Gutenberg, 2016.
Trial of the Major War Criminals Before the International Military Tribunal, Vol II : Nuremburg 14 November 1945-1 October 1946. Project Gutenberg, 2016.
Trials of War Criminals before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law No. 10. Nuernberg, October 1946-April, 1949. Washington: U. S. Govt. Print. Off., 1949.