This paper elaborates the origins of religious stratification in America's colonial period, how religious stratification has persisted and changed since then, and how religious stratification destabilizes society.
After considering the extent to which a democracy may defend itself against the enemies of democracy and to which it should be prepared to tolerate civil disobedience, the article analyzes the contemporary dialectic between the notion of civil inclusion and multiculturalism: in modern multiculturalism, the claims of minorities to civic inclusion are recognized so long as members of all groups understand themselves to be citizens of the same political community.
This essay examines the centrality of religion to many Americans' identities, why distinctive aspects of religion require a heightened tolerance for religion, how tolerant the state should be of intolerant forms of religion, the empirical implications of active tolerance for scholarly literature, how active tolerance can be cultivated in public education, and the implications of these arguments for civic education research.
There are many obstacles to religious tolerance, but we often overlook the most basic obstacle: few people have a clear idea of what religious tolerance is. This essay illuminates the nebulous concept of religious tolerance in depth in hopes that reason will inform the good will of people hoping to practice tolerance.