This paper offers two sets of analogous hypotheses concerning the effects of city size and region upon people's tolerance. The results suggest that the effects of city size have declined. By contrast, the effects that can be uniquely attributed to region do not appear to have declined, and they almost always exceed the effects of city size.
This article examines to what extent religious context influences giving to religious causes and whether it has unintended spillover effects on giving for secular purposes. Results indicate that religious pluralism is directly associated with religious volunteering, increases in religious volunteering associated with a high level of religious pluralism do not displace secular volunteering, and there is not a relationship between the devoutness of a religious community and an individual's propensity to give for secular purposes.
This research uncovers the relationship between interfaith contact and the willingness of white Christians to support the tenets of religious pluralism.
Survey research on political tolerance has consistently found situational and activity-based differences in levels of support for the rights of political opposition. This paper finds that attitudinal tolerance tends to be less when the activity in question may affect a respondent's loved ones or home community, and that attitudinal tolerance is less in situations where greater threat is associated with the consequences of the activity in question.
Americans’ responses to religious diversity are examined at the national and community levels. While an overwhelming majority of Americans agree that religious diversity has been good for the nation, support for the inclusion of non-Christians in community life is mixed. Theological exclusivism is consistently and strongly associated with negative attitudes toward religious diversity, while contact with Americans of other faiths is predictive of more positive views of religious diversity.
This paper explains the variation of religious tolerance in the South and in urban areas by identifying demographic contextual factors that affect individuals tolerance levels.
Using data on the religious identity of close friends and information on the religious composition of counties, this study finds that despite tendencies toward religious homogeneity, the religious composition of the surrounding population has an effect on the ratio of respondents' same-religion friends to their friends belonging to specific other religious groups.
This paper investigates whether animosity towards conservative social groups comes from similar sources as animosity towards progressive social groups.